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走向世界2021年13期

昆嵛山下“老虎卧”

曲洪亮 2021-06-09走向世界2021年13期
“巍巍昆崳山,风物颇壮观。怪石嶙峋立,叠彩峰岭间”。昆嵛山,方圆百里,诸峰绵延,群岭逶迤,层峦叠嶂。其主峰泰礴顶海拔923米,巍峨壮丽,为胶东半岛东部最高峰。登其顶,&ldqu

“巍巍昆崳山,风物颇壮观。怪石嶙峋立,叠彩峰岭间”。昆嵛山,方圆百里,诸峰绵延,群岭逶迤,层峦叠嶂。其主峰泰礴顶海拔923米,巍峨壮丽,为胶东半岛东部最高峰。登其顶,“一览众山小,风光眼底收”。老虎卧则是隶属昆嵛山的一座奇石山,海拔只有300米,然“山不在高,卧虎而名”,因之也成为昆嵛众多风景区的一处独特“亮点”小景观。

此景观位于牟平区莒格庄镇马家庄村与北宋家口村交界山处,其右邻“江北小北寨”之称的无染寺风景区。“老虎卧”顾名思义,山似卧虎。

来往行人于山南公路道上北眺望之,整座山体浑似一只老虎横卧于此。整只虎,头西尾东,耸起的巨块崚嶒山石构成虎头。正面可微辨前额上的虎“王”字,一对虎目炯炯有神,虎鼻和虎嘴轮廓分明,神态安详可亲。右虎爪稍探起,左虎爪则依一小山梁顺势而下。虎背微微隆起,虎尾一直向东。遍布全山的松树桲椤山林则构成了老虎皮毛,密密匝匝,给人以毛绒绒的感觉。夏季看全是绿色,到了深秋,山中树叶渐转焜黄,就会有黄棕等颜色夹杂期间。此际望去,老虎形象更加逼真。其身体形状被大山刻画得栩栩如生,真是越看越品越悟越有“虎”韵味。其实,这里面还有着一段神话故事传说呢。

传说远古时期,东海有九条龙,因触犯天条,被玉帝逐出大海,贬出仙班,被镇居于昆嵛山川,九龙由太上老君的护院神虎看管。林中王看管水中王,此即名之曰“龙虎斗”。一日,趁神虎跑进山林偷懒游玩,九条龙趁机挣脱了缚索羁绊,结伴而逃。仓惶间,其爪划过之处,留下九处深坎,这就是昆嵛山著名的景点之一“九龙池”。九龙池九瀑飞挂,九泉相连,清澈长流,经年不息。春时细流涓涓,夏季飞瀑奔溅,秋天碧波荡漾,严冬则冰笋倒挂,实蔚为一大奇观。

玉帝问责神虎失职之过,罚其永远镇守昆嵛,贬居凡尘。神虎本就通悟太上德经大道,又自知理无可恕,心中无怨无艾,遂安然俯身卧倒,化为昆嵛一道山脊,尽力护佑着这座天赐名山之风水。“老虎卧”也因此而“山不在高,有虎则名”。

国人深爱虎,称其为百兽之王。作为中国传统文化的重要组成部分,虎亦是中国古老的崇拜图腾之一,是英雄,权威,辟邪,吉祥的象征。成语中有“虎虎生风”,“虎踞龙蟠”,“龙行虎步”,“将门虎子”,“如虎添翼”等等。名著《三国演义》有五虎将之说,大诗人李白在《梦游天姥吟留别》中尝诗云“霓为衣兮风为马,云之君兮纷纷而来下。虎鼓瑟兮鸾回车,仙之人兮列如麻”。梁启超在《少年中国说》中也写到“ 乳虎啸谷,百兽震惶,鹰隼试翼,风尘吸张”。著名武侠小说家大侠金庸也在其著作里有“书中风紧云动,剑下虎啸龙吟”之豪叹。

看此连绵山脉如虎横卧,不禁令人悠然而生豪迈之情怀,有感于斯,遂作一小诗以记:

昆嵛奇石传千古,静卧于莒大道悟。

往来诸君远端详,栩栩如生镇山虎。

“In the towering Kunyu Mountain lie spectacular sceneries. Amid colorful sights in the peaks and ridges stand grotesque stones.” Covering an area of 100 li (50 kilometers), Kunyu Mountain boasts winding and rising peaks and ridges, Taibo Summit, its lofty and magnificent main peak at an altitude of 923 meters, is the highest peak in the east of Jiaodong Peninsula. When you ascend its summit, you will “overlook the tops of all surrounding mountains and take in all the sceneries in the view.” The Crouching Tiger, a grotesque stone mountain affiliated to Kunyu Mountain, is at an altitude of no more than 300 meters. However, small as it is, it becomes famous for being like a crouching tiger. Therefore, it becomes a unique spotlight among numerous scenic areas in Kunyu Mountain.

This sight is located in the intersection of mountains between Majiazhuang Village and North Songjiakou Village in Jugezhuang Town, Muping District, next to Wuran Temple Scenic Area in the right, which is called a “Minor Northern Village in the North of Yangtze River.” Just as the name implies, the “Crouching Tiger” is a mountain shaped like a crouching tiger.

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